Presentation Methods For Students

Clinical teaching will provide the places where the actual clients are being cured for. presentation itself occupies the major part of the classroom time, lectures become impersonal [7][9]. In class, regularly turn students' attention to the visuals used in textbooks, on websites, and even in your own slideshow presentations. For example, many students who visit a coach ask for information on success strategies such as time management and motivation. For many students, the new school year is a chance to begin again. Show the student how to make vocabulary flash cards, online, interactive study aids, or “paper” study aids for himself/herself. Ask students how these styles/modes could/might interfere with contracting and work tasks… Styles & Modes Have students review and think about their style and mode. Accountants create financial records of business transactions, and prepare statements containing the assets, liabilities, and operating results of a business. For the past 5 years, I have worked with hundreds of teachers and students in science education programs at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Make Professional Presentations and Infographics Online with Visme's free tool. presentation by a mental health professional within the community should be considered an efficient method for helping to protect students, families, and community. The first sentence uses the noun form, “diligence,” whereas the sentence is describing the student, and therefore requires the adjective form, “diligent. Learn more about Founder/Author Susan Kruger. 15 Online Tools for Students and Teachers to Create Presentations Presentations can be an equally daunting task for students and educators to put together and deliver. What are presentation instructional accommodations? Presentation accommodations allow students to access instruction in ways that do not require them to visually read standard print. •View an interactive presentation focusing on the various tools, resources and strategies of classroom management •Discuss and determine solutions of various management scenarios which may occur in the classroom •Access and explore the Statewide Instructional Resources Development Center website for additional tools and strategies. Students’ oral presentations not only illustrated a greater ability of students to use appropriate formats and structures in English but also a willingness and ability to adopt new methods of learning. Instruction for Students With Learning Disabilities ˝ Using this model of differentiated instruction, the teacher will constantly modify his or her classroom organization, curriculum,. Model goal-setting and goal-tracking. Self-assessment is a valuable learning tool as well as part of an assessment process. CLICK ON THE TABS AT THE TOP OF THE PAGE TO LEARN ABOUT: *Free downloads of social skills games, speech activities and learning resources for children with ASD. ACCA, AICWA and Mr. , questions, think-pair-share, cases, videos. • The presentation should include the following sections: introduction, methods, results, discussion, and acknowledgments. 6 Effective Strategies for Teaching Adults Adult enrollment in higher education grew by more than 50 percent between 1991 and 2011, according to U. Oral Presentations: Tips on How to Deliver a Speech for School or Work Jerz > Writing > [ Academic | Technical ] This document briefly describes how to write and deliver a formal oral presentation on an academic or professional subject. Critical Reflection is a method of examining assumptions that adult students possess and then questioning those beliefs. Using Microsoft PowerPoint or Office 365, you can easily create engaging presentations. VARK is a questionnaire that helps your learning by suggesting the strategies you should be using. These three strategies: pair work, role play and task briefs are, in my opinion, the foundation stones of useful speaking strategies. You're a teacher challenged with a difficult student. docx Created Date: 3/2/2015 3:40:32 PM. Safety for Students. It was really helpful for me to see how to use the visuals. Advanced Preparation: Prepare all worksheet packages for each student. EFL Teaching Methods TEFL Methodology: Methods for Teaching English in the EFL Classroom. In this module, specific examples of several phonological awareness skills and suggested methods for planning effective instruction are demonstrated. This graph shows the percentage of high school students in 2011 who have ever had sexual intercourse by sex and race/ethnicity. Teaching Activities and Strategies. Research points to several strategies that have been consistently effective in teaching students who experience difficulties in mathematics. com - id: 37fd66-ZjEyN. Powerpoint presentations are excellent for teaching large ESL classes of students. Is familiar with methods for scaffolding the learning of Standard American English by speakers of other languages and dialects 4. , Based on the best selling book, Blue Ocean Strategy, this powerpoint presentation provides a systematic approach to making the competition irrelevant. She also has a dynamic style. Ryan, Clemson University Corey D. A fourth learning style, known as kinesthetic, is distinguished by people. In the introduction stage, teachers make the learning objective clear and actively demonstrates what students need to do to achieve the objective. Because each student observes a separate quadrant of the photograph, the lists will be different. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The unit is designed as a performance-based assessment task, including rubrics, student journals, and peer editing. Students can reflect on their oral performance in small groups. You just need to customize depending on the age group. The role playing approach will help a student understand how the academic material will be relevant to his everyday tasks. For example, responding to questions, arranging sticky notes, small group projects, etc. The goal of any scientific method is to solve a problem or to better understand an observed event. Appendix A Strategies for Student Recruitment and Success UNC Charlotte seeks to recruit and graduate a diverse student body that reflects community diversity and addresses the state's need to increase access to higher education for historically underrepresented and economically disadvantaged students. They're fun and a great tool. To follow this lesson, scroll down the page and watch or listen to the numbered video and audio presentations. Presentations can be unbearable. Bob Kizlik. This is why lecturing is the standard for. There’s no room for excuses or failures anymore. Ten Quick Strategies to Increase Motivation. Illustrations also assist working memory by helping to create hierarchies of information. The scripts of the lectures used in the test are under Appendix D. With so many business professionals on the cusp of adopting virtual meetings, it can be a challenge to create engaging presentations. When I teach a class or an auditorium with hundreds, there is never any sleeping going on because I have an interactive and engaging. The students will learn the subject matter by doing the things and practicing the skills. by Danielle Picard, Graduate Teaching Fellow 2014-2015 Print version Students of all abilities and backgrounds want classrooms that are inclusive and convey respect. • Teacher does not explain methods to be used • Students are responsible for determining whether answers are correct, not the teacher • Students use solution methods that make sense to them • Students expect to be puzzled, to be challenged. We teach students eight different ways to take notes, not just one, and then help them decide when to use each technique. When the students deliver the presentation, they receive a separate grade on the integration of the narration and visual components. Linda New Levine, Ms. Plan and implement lessons and strategies that integrate technology to meet the diverse need of learners in a variety of educational settings. Use Simple, Specific Action Verbs. All speakers benefit enormously from actually seeing how their presentations come across to others, and students are no exception. “Applying the rigorous strategies outlined in the CCSS in all school subjects not only will improve the learning experiences of students in the middle grades and high school but will provide. Help them prep for test/quiz formats. assessment) would alert all the students to be best presenter or demonstrator of the day which in return increase their subject-specific knowledge; and reinforce their immediate and the wider group's identity. , Instructor and Distance Learning Technology Specialist* Nadine D. Activity: This activity can be used for many different reasons, but is most often used for teachers to gain feedback about classroom methods and student feedback. Lab work, oral presentation, and applied projects were also favorably regarded. Overview and Purpose: This lesson helps students under the use of the Prezi Presentation Tool. Provide guided practice before homework. Students share the items on their list with their group members. As with other cooperative-learning methods, students are assigned to four- or five-member groups, with each group mirroring the make-up of the class in terms of ability, background, and gender. How to give a good presentation in college? find 5 important public speaking presentation tips for students and teachers. October 18, 2016 Gloria Kopp 9 Comments. interventioncentral. Learn More. The text should be a cue for the presenter rather than the full message for the audience. These teaching strategies encourage students to use their imagination to dig deep when engaging with the content of the lesson. Today, as a teacher myself, I discovered the blame was misplaced. Ask for their honest and constructive comments about style and delivery. I’ve identified nine specific strategies for presenting, but before I give you those secrets, it. • Use references, resources, and proofreading. Make Professional Presentations and Infographics Online with Visme's free tool. • Student will follow scientific method by carrying out the experiment they develop. Teachers in higher education are increasingly likely to use case studies and scenarios, particularly in business, law, medicine and the other health disciplines. thoughtfulclassroom. Students who do better in general are the ones who take time to plan. These skills are usually taught in schools or colleges of education in a series of modules or presentations that initially involve developing a learning objective based on a curriculum, or set of explicit subject-matter goals. Evidence-Based Teaching Strategies for Students With EBD Joseph B. Present an "opening question" on a PowerPoint slide, give students a moment to think about their response, and then ask a few members of the class for answers. It also aims to help them learn better computer based research skills. about your own learning OR teaching others * Remember that everyone falls in a unique place in the spectrum of learning styles Conclusions * Varying your instructional methods will help meet your students’ diverse learning needs. While it may be true in some cases, generally, the difference can actually be attributed to learning strategies. The first instructional strategies would be creating the right classroom climate. Think outside the screen. After completing a project, a presentation is a channel for students to share with others what they have learned. Consider activities. Your students walk into the classroom laughing, talking, and happy to see each other again. 9 secrets of confident body language; 23 September 2019. Questioning Techniques: Research-Based Strategies for Teachers Questioning techniques are a heavily used, and thus widely researched, teaching strategy. This would seem to suggest that the preference for. It was really helpful for me to see how to use the visuals. Doing so will help you increase student participation and encourage active learning. com FROMPAGE5 Responding to student writing is perhaps our most labor-intensive act and a terribly frustrating effort if it has no effect. Instead of the standard boxed in slides, Prezi uses one giant canvas, that holds multiple slides, allowing users to zoom in and out to progress through their presentation. Student Safety and Wellness From mental health resources, to bullying prevention and food and nutrition services, FCPS is committed to supporting more than just a child's education. Model goal-setting and goal-tracking. General Strategies for Asking Questions. Model goal-setting and goal-tracking. TEST-TAKING STRATEGIES FOR READING For students who have enrolled in this class shortly before taking the reading proficiency exam, here are some helpful test-taking strategies you can use: 1. ** Presentation - Part 1 of PPP. The first instructional strategies would be creating the right classroom climate. 11 Free Tips Improve Studying Results. 6% among female students and 49. This undoubtedly helps students avoid unnecessary distractions and to focus on the discussion. Students write down 1 unresolved question or a possible confusion. Remember that a typical student's attention span is 15-20 minutes. Powtoon is another online presentation software that allows users to create animated videos and presentations to capture students' attention and increase engagement. Dylan Wiliam’s book, Embedded Formative Assessment, is filled with a number of insights. The best presentation I ever heard was about soap. Brainstorming. This chapter from the book Tools for Teaching by Barbara Gross Davis (Jossey-Bass Publishers: San Francisco, 1993) is a great place to start for ideas and tips about increasing student motivation in your classes. Some methods include slowing down or speeding up the pace of the work for individual students within a classroom. Let them know that you expect their final presentation to be a presentation of their learning through the project-building process, not just a demonstration of the product they create. 3 alternative assessment strategies. Shut off fb. It may also help to deploy key words and phrases that you repeat throughout the presentation. Ways to make your points without the sleep-apnea-inducing effects of boring slides. Teachers TV: A Taste of Secondary. Assessment and instruction are inseparable. Multimedia methods of presentation are passive methods of delivering content and include slideshows (Powerpoint) or movies. How-To-Study. His name was Enrique Núñez, one of the quietest students in the class. Methodology Application of teaching methods. Encourage use of tape recorder. (Most instructors use one peer. Planning Students prepare a short oral or written report to tell the class what happened during their task. “Normally 3D mapping technology is used for shows, such as creating the appearance of a façade on a building with projected images,” Dr Dall’Asta. Have students describe the visuals to each other and make connections with what you're learning. Students can reflect on their oral performance in small groups. Here are some methods by which the teacher may smoothly facilitate brainstorming sessions in the classroom: Simple brainstorming. students’ abilities higher on history taking and physical exami-nation, presentations, clinical reasoning, and fund of knowledge. Visual presentations, e. As long as class sizes continue to increase, it is likely that lecturing will be a dominant teaching method in university class rooms. At each and every stage of life effective presentation enhances good result. student‟s curriculum to less challenging work, students experience success and problem behaviors decrease. and better able to address their audiences directly. Five essential teaching methods and strategies for the FASD student have been established and recognized; they are: a structured environment, consistent routine, brief presentations, variety, and repetition. women and children. Classroom assessment techniques (CAT) are relatively quick and easy formative evaluation methods that help you check student understanding in "real time". Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It is often a good idea to end your presentation with a recap of the main points, clearly expressed. This will help you to focus your attention and direct you to. Then have students create their own visuals of the content to further reinforce it. As teachers sometimes we forget that when students leave our room they step out into another world - sometimes of chaos. School Health and Wellness. Steps for Planning and Preparing an Effective Oral Presentation 1. Mentoring gifted and talented students – Reasons for mentoring G and T students as well as a key to successful mentoring. Fast pace to so that students can promote exposure to a variety of text. The use of structured peer-assisted learning activities Systematic and explicit instruction using visual representations Modifying instruction based on. At each and every stage of life effective presentation enhances good result. Let's dive in. These can be quite helpful in sharing the utility of your product or service and can even be used for live sales demos where you may be interested in presenting some details of the product or service, before putting your oral presentation skills to work. Timelines are particularly effective to convey steps in the naturalization process. For example, if we have to plan expenditure to be incurred on primary education for a year, data regarding number of students who were enrolled. You're a teacher challenged with a difficult student. You can simply ask them if they'd like to get ahead from time-to-time. Having some strategies to meet the needs of these students can make the process less scary for teachers—and more successful for students. This can be problematic when your class lasts for an hour and fifteen minutes! Utilizing active learning strategies can help. Make sure students understand the difference between the two: They should not be correcting each other’s spelling and punctuation in the early stages of this process, when the focus should be on shaping a better story. Three research-based strategies were taught: (a) progressive muscle relaxation, (b) breathing exercises, and (c) positive self- talk. Objectives Students will: —Define the steps of the scientific method. These strategies are based on an assumption of pure self-interest for you or your project team − you want to do the best you can to preserve or enhance your standing in your organization and to further your career goals. Rehearse/Guided Practice. Great for educators and students. There are some fantastic online presentation tools for students that allow users to mix media and create engaging, fun and interactive slideshows. Through self-assessment, students can: identify their own skill gaps, where their knowledge is weak; see where to focus their attention in learning; set realistic goals. Do not read the presentation. This method comes in handy, especially when you are teaching literature, history or current events. Tools for learning: technology and teaching strategies Michelle J. Active Learning Strategies help to initiate learners and instructors into effective ways to help everyone engage in activities based on ideas about how people learn. In many ways presentations tell a story. Provide practice tests and homework. But which tools are best for student learning? Below we offer 24 of our favourites. • Have students sequence information or events, such as having students develop lists or a timeline for a sequencing activity. Using pictures in your presentations instead of words can double the chances of meeting your objectives. Students were exposed to grade level standards, student work was closely aligned to the rigor of the standard, and the feedback was targeted and specific. In this method of instruction, the teacher might play one or all of the following roles:. Student groups are assigned a topic to research and asked to prepare presentations (note that this may readily be combined with the jigsaw method outlined above). Review an annotated list of active learning strategies 1. "Data analysis is a body of methods that help to describe facts, detect patterns, develop explanations, and test hypotheses. This will help you to focus your attention and direct you to. Thorough preparation of a lecture will increase your confidence, improve your delivery style, and enhance the effectiveness of your presentation. The following article takes the mystery out of adapting materials and strategies for curriculum areas. 30 Ideas for Teaching Writing. As teachers sometimes we forget that when students leave our room they step out into another world - sometimes of chaos. However, the topics given in this article are all latest, and therefore, many engineering students will definitely find them worthy to consider for their paper presentation. This presentation will briefly review how healthy self-regulation develops and then delve into classroom, small group, and one-on-one methods of helping students develop these lagging. Powtoon is another online presentation software that allows users to create animated videos and presentations to capture students' attention and increase engagement. You should have already checked the projector and computer well before your talk Graduate Student J. Have good rapport with students. I've identified nine specific strategies for presenting, but before I give you those secrets, it. Entertain : Entertain It was a glorious morning in Alabama. This method comes in handy, especially when you are teaching literature, history or current events. PowerPoint Presentation : Teacher-Centered Methods Student Centered Methods Lecture Demonstration Tell a story Whole-class discussion Video Show Role Play Small group discussion Visit Project work Library Search Investigation Practical Work Self Study Teaching Methods Course :Teacher Training Module: Effective Teaching and Instructional. Retelling: students verbally rehearse important story information by retelling a story to a partner, using an outline. The presenter was a big football jock and before he began speaking he pulled out a small, pink bar of soap, threw it in the air and said, “This is 17 Killer Presentations Tips for Students Who Want to Stand out. It also aims to help them learn better computer based research skills. Evidence-Based Teaching Strategies for Students With EBD Joseph B. , Instructor and Distance Learning Technology Specialist* Nadine D. Students will need to learn the information to be presented deeply. Then, ask each student to critique the others so that they can get used to receiving constructive criticism. In addition, your student’s learning style should help to determine the way reading comprehension is taught and how she demonstrates her knowledge. Instructors and even students rely or use educative videos to learn, compare and understand concepts. A teaching method comprises the principles and methods used by teachers to enable student learning. Here are the Top 10 effective presentation techniques. • Student will develop questions to test for a scientific experiment. among the students through the Assignment method teacher has his / her own. A literature search involves reviewing all readily available materials. Presentation skills are extremely useful both in and outside the classroom. 10 Tips for a Good Presentation Posted on May 29, 2012 by Djuddah A. com - id: 37fd66-ZjEyN. Those who get nervous and those who are liars. At Western Technical. Students write their reflections on a lesson, such as what they learned, what caused them difficulty, strategies they found helpful, or other lesson-related topics. A unit of the Office of the Dean of the College. Qualitative data were collected through. Ask prof for help rather than friends. The formal presentation of information is divided into two broad categories: Presentation Skills and Personal Presentation. Methodology Application of teaching methods. , questions, think-pair-share, cases, videos. To define training evaluation b. A-B-C Summarize - A form of review in which each student in a class is assigned a different. Acknowledgments. Presentations and talks are usually a mix of information, inspiration, and motivation. I will discuss the most commonly cited perspectives. Reading Strategies for ESOL Students - authorSTREAM Presentation. Three research-based strategies were taught: (a) progressive muscle relaxation, (b) breathing exercises, and (c) positive self- talk. CLICK ON THE TABS AT THE TOP OF THE PAGE TO LEARN ABOUT: *Free downloads of social skills games, speech activities and learning resources for children with ASD. It isn’t surprising, either. [See page four and five for further detail on the six strategies. 9 October 2019. Presentation can also take the form of discussion, debate or a purely interrogatory exchange. It is often a good idea to end your presentation with a recap of the main points, clearly expressed. Topic Page: When schools implement PBIS, they start by implementing it school-wide. — Chris Kalmbach (@ChrisKalmbach) November 28, 2017. Make sure that your presentation has a logical structure and that your arguments are presented in a coherent, easy-to-follow way. Planning checklist – Map of the issues to consider when planning lessons for gifted and talented students. In traditional method, presentation of materials starts with the parts, then moves on to the whole while in the modern approach, presentation of materials starts with the whole, then moves to the parts. Mentoring gifted and talented students – Reasons for mentoring G and T students as well as a key to successful mentoring. , Senior Trainer, Vision Training Associates David Osher, Ph. Note-taking method #1: The Outline method. Choose from hundreds of templates to create customized presentations, websites, blogs and more. Exponential collaboration. These two aspects are interwoven and can be described as the preparation, presentation and practice of verbal and non-verbal communication. The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "Motivating Disengaged Students Useful Methods and Ideas for Educators" is the property of its rightful owner. Present an "opening question" on a PowerPoint slide, give students a moment to think about their response, and then ask a few members of the class for answers. The instructional strategy of using student presentations as a way to present content to the class as a whole can be a fun and engaging method of instruction. Take the Practice Test Sample Questions Get to know the PSAT/NMSQT and PSAT 10 with these sample questions. When the students deliver the presentation, they receive a separate grade on the integration of the narration and visual components. One of the most commonly used summative end-product approaches to evaluating student learning is the citation analysis method, in which an academic task culminates in a formally cited paper, project, presentation, and so on [10, 12, 41]. A good way to ensure the group learns together would be to engage in a pre and post-test. Feel free to recommend your own in the comments section. Presentations and talks are usually a mix of information, inspiration, and motivation. Time management powerpoint presentations are time management resources that boost your skills and effectiveness. It is a service of the Center for Adolescent Studies at Indiana University. Find links to writing tutorials, resume writing, presentation skills, report writing, interviewing, research papers, technical writing and more. Teachers TV: Transition from Primary. Instructional Strategies - 1 Characterize performances (S=AiAlME1E2) Make students aware they are responsible for their own learning. This post presents a wide variety of presentation ideas for teachers which can help in making a subject interesting and also motivate the students to be attentive in the class. Doing so will help you increase student participation and encourage active learning. After the time is over, the students can voice the ideas written on the board or chart. A guide to the process of creating effective presentations, Tips and techniques for successfully delivering presentations; Explanations and methods for reducing presentation fears and stresses - notably through the use of preparation and control, to build confidence; Fear of Public speaking and presentations. Success Strategies for Doctoral Students Dr. At Western Technical. Students build their own hamburger graphic organizers to keep in their writing journals. You're a teacher challenged with a difficult student. You should have checked in with the person who will chair the session Presentation 101 for Graduate Student 3. Students will be exposed to exceptionality in learning disabilities including visual and perception disabilities. Some students may be absent from class as a direct result of their disabilities, and they may require consideration regarding attendance policies. Social date as motivator; set alarm to leave. org) 1 Managing Test Anxiety: Ideas for Students Tests and quizzes are more widely used in schools than ever. ” “Thank you for giving so many ideas and examples. slide 2: terms. Entertain : Entertain It was a glorious morning in Alabama. Preparing for Oral Presentations Effective Communication (IS-242. Thanks for sharing all your great ideas. Multiple active learning strategies may be used in each of the active learning designs. Included in the attachments are the respective power point presentations regarding test-taking strategies for the faculty and student. Student attention often begins to decline after 10 to 15 minutes of lecture (Stuart, John, & Rutherford, 1978); retention also drops considerably after the first 10 minutes (Hartley & Davies, 1978). Dylan Wiliam’s book, Embedded Formative Assessment, is filled with a number of insights. How do you assess student learning? “Setting appropriate assessment tasks is a principle of good teaching” (Ramsden, 2003, p 96) Here are six important characteristics of assessment to consider when you are planning how to assess your students. You may find opportunities to combine or eliminate potential paragraphs when outlining—first drafts often contain repetitive ideas or sections that. Presentation contains 34 Slides in total. Almost inevitably, you'll have some eager learners in your classroom. Model the use of metacognition by talking through problems so that students can learn how to use higher-order thinking strategies by listening as you problem solve aloud. Through effective presentation the sender would be able to convience the receiver and achieves desired result. com - id: 42b420-ZWNmY. Thousands of templates and graphics. Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, describe. Clinical teaching will provide the places where the actual clients are being cured for. Active Learning Strategies help to initiate learners and instructors into effective ways to help everyone engage in activities based on ideas about how people learn. Have a fun game-like format and students record their answers, points, and/or score on the student worksheet. Versions of All the Powerpoint. A presentation is one of the best ways to convey ideas, especially for visual learners and thinkers. JUDGE’S OPINION. ) Professor Solomon asks student groups to research a famous anthropological controversy, and give an oral presentation analyzing the issues, positions, and people involved. The biggest mistake teen speakers make is talking too fast. In addition, your student’s learning style should help to determine the way reading comprehension is taught and how she demonstrates her knowledge. The National Resource Center for The First-Year Experience and Students in Transition serves as the trusted expert, internationally recognized leader, and clearinghouse for scholarship, policy, and best practice for all postsecondary student transitions. You wish there was a way to start the new year so that they're so enraptured with your presentation you could actually hear a pin drop. Fret no more! We have cooked up 7 presentation techniques that will grip your audience and elevate your presentation savvy. Many college students spend countless of late night hours studying for exams, balancing school, social life and submitting papers at the final deadline. Adjusted speech: teacher changes speech patterns to increase student comprehension. 6 Effective Strategies for Teaching Adults Adult enrollment in higher education grew by more than 50 percent between 1991 and 2011, according to U. Watch the Student Loans and Repayment Strategies recording for graduating students to learn about ways to manage your student loan debt and determine which repayment strategy is right for you during residency. To maintain a clear message and to keep your audience attentive and interested, keep the number of slides in your presentation to a minimum. This chapter from the book Tools for Teaching by Barbara Gross Davis (Jossey-Bass Publishers: San Francisco, 1993) is a great place to start for ideas and tips about increasing student motivation in your classes. One of the most commonly used summative end-product approaches to evaluating student learning is the citation analysis method, in which an academic task culminates in a formally cited paper, project, presentation, and so on [10, 12, 41]. presentation itself occupies the major part of the classroom time, lectures become impersonal [7][9]. In short, active learning requires students to do meaningful learning activities and think about what they are doing. This post presents a wide variety of presentation ideas for teachers which can help in making a subject interesting and also motivate the students to be attentive in the class. For example, responding to questions, arranging sticky notes, small group projects, etc. Create and edit web-based documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.  They are building a conversation with each other, not with you, the teacher. Clinical teaching will provide the places where the actual clients are being cured for. Following are some research-based strategies for motivating students to learn. In fact, all students will benefit from the following good teaching practices. Candidate in Geography & Urban Regional Analysis Department of Geography and Earth Sciences UNC Charlotte 7 December 2010 [email protected] The purpose of having students make oral and visual presentations to the entire class, versus submission of assignments only to the instructor, or only to one peer, was to demonstrate and evaluate the benefits of such presentations. Teaching comes naturally to those with an innate ability for the same. Concept mapping or visual representations; This is a great strategy for diagnostic, formative, and summative assessment. content which is customized to meet the needs of MBA students. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: