How To Change Password In Putty

How to save SSH username/password for auto login in PuTTy The answer is you can't do itat least in plain PuTTy. Step 1: download Putty here. There are several software products that will allow you to do this, but I recommend using Putty. If you feel that your password is not secure, or simply want to change your password, you can do so in the program itself. From now on you can log into B as b from A as a without password: [email protected]:~> ssh [email protected] A note from one of our readers: Depending on your version of SSH you might also have to do the following changes: Put the public key in. The only thing i can think of is when the local account password expired and the user tried to change it they used the same password which could have caused a problem in PAM??. localdomain 1. I know what the password is currently. WinSCP is a free SFTP, SCP, Amazon S3, WebDAV, and FTP client for Windows. If you are a Nexcess client, you may instead use SiteWorx to change your SSH password. Click “Add”. How do I change or update account passwords? If Change Password is NOT lit up, then double-check the password requirements to make sure they are all green. Click in the Directory Utility window, then enter an administrator name and password. » from «Technical Questions» category in VPS. How to change the root password on Fedora. Lets change the default terminal length to 40 lines instead of 24. Open putty terminal box. SecureString to readable password:. Login into phpMyAdmin. I have already begun to change the passwords but here is the specific question: We use CentOS 5 and access our data center with Putty. When you look at the entries 1, 2 and 3 they all have a source port (the first column) and a destination (the second one), like my arrows - done extremely skilled, if I may say so - try to show you. Some putty companies claim that their product can be used to painted surfaces, but we don’t recommend it. Accessing UNIX server using PuTTY (SSH) Secure Shell (SSH) is a network protocol used to allow secure access to a UNIX terminal. For example, admin; Enter the new password for the user and then confirm it a second time;You should see the message Password reset successfully. below example is change root password for a Centos: Changing password for user root. Password change is a routine task to keep your login safe. How to Crack a Wi-Fi Network's WPA Password with Reaver. How to assign an IP Address to APC AP9630 NMC2 card with a Serial Cable. This is a great step of improving internet and network security and I congratulate the Raspberry Pi team for moving forward with this step and making it super easy to enable SSH by simply adding a file called “ssh” into the /boot/ directory. Our old system administrator might be logging on to our servers from home and we can't get in contact with them. how to change mac address for ubnt firmware 1-download putty from here download 2-open putty 1-your ubnt ip 2-port 3-open 3- Enter your ubnt user (ubtn) and password 4- wr How to convert tp-link access to ubiquiti rocket m2. [/] # appears after successfully login Related Links. jks How to Change the nodemanager password in weblogic admin. PuTTY is a popular SSH client for a variety of operating systems. I would really appreciate it if you guys got a better root passwd reset mechanism for the initial login. exe,fill in NAS IP (for instance:10. To change the root password on your VPS via SSH: Login to your VPS via SSH as the root user. Is there a way to configure a password for a stored session in PuTTY? I know there is the capability to specify an "auto-login username" (under Connection/Data), but is there a way to do the same. Raspberry Pi Remote Access by using SSH and Putty After setting up your Raspberry Pi you probably don't want to use your keyboard and mouse. Here's how: Download PuTTy and save it on your desktop. For CLI, change password with the CLI function SQLDriverConnect. These come from bots using username/password list and just trying to guess combos, a popular one is test/test, people create this account all the time to try things out. STEP 4: Change the password of your Raspberry Pi Once the file has been modified, you can safely disconnect the memory card from the computer and reinsert it into the Raspberry Pi. How to change the Password in UNIX Open the terminal and then type the passwd command entering the new password, the characters entered do not display on screen, in order to avoid the password being seen by a passer-by. When iPhone or iPod is jailbroken it sets its password to default - alpine. Download putty from here. To change settings you need to create an xml file containing the parameters you want to change, formatted using the RIBCL language. Example : I will login into the putty , then i have logged into one server , say SERVER1 so here putty window name should change as SERVER1 , then i logged off from SERVER1 and logged into SERVER2 , now the putty window name should change to SERVER2. In order to log in to a remote server, you need to provide a user name and password. exe that comes with PuTTY in Windows. Wrong change on DNS records entry so you are connecting to the wrong server. The questioner probably wants to reset the password for the account "pi". I will show you how to capture a text using PuTTY client. Once the password has been entered twice, the root prompt will reappear, meaning the root password has been successfully changed. Click Access. How do I connect using SSH (Putty)? This article will explain how you can use the Putty SSH client to access your 123 Reg Linux VPS server. Of course, that means that the IP doesn't change (static in router). However, this is prone to dictionary attack via brute force, that’s why sites like AWS (Amazon Web services) and some others uses Public and Private key exchange. Virtually every terminal emulator starts with a very small scroll-back buffer. Right click on the putty. How can I leave terminal window after disconnect? Select Tools->Settings from the main menu. Under Sign In, select Forgot Password. To change the password you must be logged in to a shell. How To Make puTTY Automatically Load a Session The most awesome emulator of all time, puTTY. putty is really useful so you should download and use it. Let's discuss how to Install and use PuTTY to connect to a remote computer. For for decryption, see PowerShell - Decode System. A window will open, use it to fill in your user name and password. In the lab, you do this by going to the Start menu, “All programs”, then choose putty (near the bottom of the list). WinSCP is a free SFTP, SCP, Amazon S3, WebDAV, and FTP client for Windows. (Let us assume you will connect to the remote machine using user name 'ubu'. If you select the CEECS desktop image you will be able to use these tools from the Start menu. Change the root password. Howto log into an SSH Server Using PuTTY Posted in Applications - Last updated May. hostnamectl is used to change the hostname, with this tool we can change all the three class of hostname. RIBCL allows you to write XML scripts to configure and manage iLO config settings. For Debian based install chage using the command apt-get install chage. If you are a Nexcess client on a physical (non-cloud) server, you may instead use SiteWorx to change your SSH password. Note : If you are building a vRO Cluster and this is your first node, the keystore on all other nodes will be recreated and will contain the same certificates. In really simple terms: you run PuTTY on a Windows machine, and tell it to connect to (for example) a Unix machine. Extensive, exportable, wiki-style reference lists for Keyboard Shortcuts/Hotkeys. Quicky learn how to use Linux screen in this two minute video. In the box to the right of Old Password, enter your old password. ENTER HOST NAME. Click "Yes" to add the key to PuTTY's cache. The commands that you type in are simply Linux commands. Our old system administrator might be logging on to our servers from home and we can't get in contact with them. For Servers with CPanel/WHM. With the help of pipe and a little tricky, we can change user's password in one command line. Thanks in advance. If you feel that your password is not secure, or simply want to change your password, you can do so in the program itself. Thanks a lot. Squeezing, stretching, or pinching the putty creates a gradual color change as temperature increases (original color returns when not in use. Settings for using PuTTY. Sky sagem wireless router reset password I just got this sky wireless router second hand and it has a password set on it. home contact How to Connect to an ESXi 6. To update or change your VNC password you should use vncpasswd command. Here is the script for changing Stuff with putty. Hi Prasad6235! Welcome to the forums! Putty only displays command prompt of a remote Linux computer in Windows. 0, provides beginners an easy way to install operating systems on their Rasp Pis. Click Yes to continue. There are many ways to establish a secure SSH connection via PuTTY to a Linux-based server. How To Install & use Putty in Ubuntu Linux by Pradeep Kumar · Published July 13, 2014 · Updated August 4, 2017 System Admins who had worked on Windows Operating system , surely they have used putty software to ssh UNIX like systems. To change the root password on your VPS via SSH:. 233 -pw your_password Be sure to change “C:\Program Files\PuTTY” to the correct path of your putty. Select the first option in the list called “Desktop / CLI”. So many parents are foregoing learning their baby's gender, it’s made neutrals very popular. PuTTY is a freeware terminal emulator and SSH client for Windows packed with a lot of useful configuration options. They were able to change their password through putty logged in as the user they are changing the password on. 264 network reset password recovery attempt, since in many cases the original DVR's password has never been changed. Just google google “putty for windows” and find a download for your specific windows platform. How to change the root password by ssh,change root password,reset root password,ubuntu password change,ubuntu root password change,ubuntu passwrd,How do I change root password in Ubuntu, How to change the root password by ssh (putty) | Network Support Solution. The default value is 200, virtually useless for system administrators. If you select the CEECS desktop image you will be able to use these tools from the Start menu. This chapter describes all the configuration options in PuTTY. reply to this. I just installed and ESX 3. After you have PuTTY installed - configure a session to connect to your MBL - login as root - and use the passwd command to change the root password. By default, Single Sign-On passwords expire after one year, but your system administrator might change this depending on the policy of your organization. If the PuTTY console responds with "Server Refused Our Key", this may indicate the public key PuTTY generated is not in a form the remote system recognizes or can use to authenticate your access. Once you do so, a new icon will appear at the bottom left side of your screen indicating that the program. Set PuTTY defaults, permanently PuTTY or one of its forks is a standard tool for administering Unix and Linux machines from Windows. In this procedure, we will use Internet Explorer, Firefox and an RDP connection to demonstrate the use of a tunnel with an SSH connection, as well as configuring the tunnel with several other protocol types. Already saved sessions will not be affected by this setting, you have to change these sessions separately. In this tutorial, we will learn to create an EC2 instance from AWS console and also check how to connect EC2 from SSH client e. Login into phpMyAdmin. Enter and confirm the password you want to use, and then click Save. Hi Prasad6235! Welcome to the forums! Putty only displays command prompt of a remote Linux computer in Windows. Follow the steps below: Click on “Applications” –> “System Tools” –> “Preferences” –> “Startup Applications”. SQL*Plus will indicate a successful password change. I was recently asked how to reset a VNC Server password on a Linux machine. Note that the username of the admin user can be ‘Jack’ or ‘Mike’ or ‘admin’, but the user ID will always be 1, since, this is the first user you’re creating. Set "On unexpected session termination" to "Leave PuTTY window" Can I use Ctrl+PgUp/Ctrl+PgDown to switch between sessions?. This will show you how to add or edit cisco switch port description. pem (private key file) to the head node and locate it at /root/. Raspberry Pi SSH is a way we're able to communicate to the Pi over a network, so we no longer need to be physically located near the Pi. Use the Web Password Filler to automatically sign in to websites. Because the substitute user can do anything, it's really easy to mess up your server. How to Change PuTTY Appearance If you're going to be using PuTTY a lot, you'll probably want to customize its appearance to what you like best. 16 time-saving Hotkeys for Putty. Choose Apple menu () > System Preferences, then click Users & Groups (or Accounts). In this tutorial, we will learn to create an EC2 instance from AWS console and also check how to connect EC2 from SSH client e. Now carry on with your work. Note that some of these commands are different on non-Solaris machines - see SunOS differences. >> Change the permission of the file using the command “chmod 600 ~/. PuTTY has a number of settings that allow you to do this. Click Access. Then open the file manager, navigate to the Downloads folder and double-click on the file to begin installation. How to change the root password on Fedora. But still, was hoping for a way to back out to the first question if your at the password prompt. Log in with a username of ‘root’ and no password (just hit return). Information here may no longer be accurate, and links may no longer be available or reliable. It was originally available only for Windows, but is now also available on various UNIX platforms, with work-in-progress ports to Classic Mac OS and Mac OS X. Using PuTTY-announce: To post a message to all the list members, send email to [email protected] Connect to the NetScaler appliance by using the SSH utility and ensure that the user is asked for the passphrase used to encrypt the private key file instead of the nsroot password. Now select the All session output option button in the Session loggin area. Thanks a lot. SET PASSWORD = 'auth_string'; Any client who connects to the server using a nonanonymous account can change the password for that account. In order to change the existing passphrase, we should provide old passphrase too. How can i erase cluster configuration and change address ip. How to configure passwordless ssh & sftp access in Unix & Linux systems? Follow these simple steps with examples with a basic troubleshooting section at the end. It can be enabled by just editing "sshd_config" file and then restarting "ssh" service. 1 Starting Plink. ARCHIVED: In Unix, how do I change my password? This content has been archived , and is no longer maintained by Indiana University. Password change is a routine task to keep your login safe. Login into phpMyAdmin. I logged in with the pass on de back. It’s actually fairly easy, but not obvious. PuTTY provides a tool named PuTTYgen, which converts keys to the required format for PuTTY. When you SSH into a web server you are using a cryptographic network protocol. All you can do is to decrypt the secure string and pass the decrypted plain text password to the PuTTY/Plink. Double click on the server name in the left pane - new Putty window will be started in a tab in the right pane of MTPuTTY. It’s very simple to connect using keys and also it’s highly secure. Thanks in advance. pem file) into this format (. DigitalPersona U. Something went wrong on our end. Enter New Password: Once you enter the current password, the new password text field will be enabled. ) Now enter these command down below; (Choose command from this screen and "copy" Then go to putty, just press right mouse button once. Be careful. exe application. Using PuTTY-announce: To post a message to all the list members, send email to [email protected] This can be really useful information when upgrading to a new PC or, if you're an office IT guy where your users all have a standard list of servers they need to connect via SSH, you can create a reference configuration on once machine and "share" it between every computer in the office. Before changing the hostname, let’s check the current hostname. So, on the left hand side of the Putty Screen above you can see Colours within the Window option. Ubuntu Change Password from Command Line. DBMandrake February 22, 2015, 8:07pm #6 I can think of a number of services that will fail if you try to rename the osmc user - including Kodi itself. Change “C:\tools\putty. For Windows users, you can connect using a software application called PuTTY. If the default password is still in place, a prompt will appear to change the password upon first login. How to Change or Reset the Password in Solaris? In Solaris 9, I am making a script based installer which needs creating a user and configuring its profile. We’ve done the hard work and chosen between the multiple options at key steps to help make things easier for you. Hi There, I have forgotten my password of my Vera 2. You can refer to the below steps to delete the file:. Enter the new password in the 'New Password' field and retype it in the 'Confirm New Password' field. PuTTY is a free telnet and SSH client for Windows and UNIX. Modifying SSH configuration. When i ssh to the cisco devices [either switch or router] the password prompt appears and ask me to type the new password. password: leave empty. Learn more about how to log into your Raspberry Pi via SSH. To manually set a password for the root user, type in the following in the shell: sudo passwd. The dialog for a successful change is here: Username: user1. The password used for the SSH connection is the same as FTP. I force a password change with passwd -f When the user logs in the first time, they give the temp password as the old password, then provide a new password (twice) as usual. 5 and vSphere Vmware discontinued Installed vSphere Console and all management Is done using the Web Client or PowerCLI. To change the root password on your VPS via SSH: Login to your VPS via SSH as the root user. (A more detailed discussion for WHY you would do this in Setting the Terminal Window Length) Changing putty default window length to 40 lines. However there is an awesome fork with that let's you store the username and password and other additional features called KiTTy. Extensive, exportable, wiki-style reference lists for Keyboard Shortcuts/Hotkeys. But still, was hoping for a way to back out to the first question if your at the password prompt. user SET Password=PASSWORD('newpass') WHERE User='user' AND Host='host';. Useful SSH Putty Commands. Below is the complete instruction about how to download and install PuTTY on Windows. Other features of Putty client which can be used. PuTTY lets you do this via escape commands. Next go to the includes folder in File Manager and right click init. Instructions to Change Root Password: Step 1: Tap on the 'Mobile Terminal' icon on your iPhone Springboard to launch it. If you change something and it damages your connection, we might not be able to help fix it over the phone. My requirement is to change this character set to AL32UTF8 ( Which will support Arabic format) Step :1 Set your ORACLE_HOME and SID. To start with, the time command on Linux doesn’t tell the time: $ time real 0m0. PuTTY is a free SSH client, that can be installed on your Windows computer to access your virtual machines in Yellow Circle platform. We can also change the current passphrase with -P option. How do I go about it, on a standard Unix shell? Also, how do I simply remove the password? Just change it to empty?. You will now have a set of unique log files for the various putty sessions and you'll be able to identify each of them by name. After you have PuTTY installed - configure a session to connect to your MBL - login as root - and use the passwd command to change the root password. The most commonly used client is called PuTTY and can be downloaded from greenend. Download putty from here. Enter the password you used when creating the key (again, the cursor will remain still while you do this), and hit Enter: Congratulations!. For security reasons, the command to retrieve a Plesk "admin" password has been removed in Plesk Onyx. In really simple terms: you run PuTTY on a Windows machine, and tell it to connect to (for example) a Unix machine. ssh/authorized_keys”. Instructions to Change Root Password: Step 1: Tap on the 'Mobile Terminal' icon on your iPhone Springboard to launch it. How to Reset Root Password in VMware vCenter Appliance Let’s consider how to reset a forgotten root password on the deployed VMware vCenter Server Appliance ( vCSA ). How do I change my VPS root password? Posted by Brian F. Change Another User's Password. We remind that vCSA is a ready virtual machine with an installed Linux OS and configured vCenter Server and additional services. In this post I am explaining the different methods to change the cPanel account password. The PuTTY Configuration window opens. I would really appreciate it if you guys got a better root passwd reset mechanism for the initial login. Consider Key-based Authentication. The ssh command can be used on macOS and GNU/Linux The ssh command can be used on macOS and GNU/Linux NOTE Your Raspberry Pi needs to be connected to the same network (either via Ethernet or Wifi Dongle) as the computer you are accessing it from. For SSH-2 keys, this key file must be in PuTTY's PPK format, not OpenSSH's format or anyone else's. As an optional step, change the root password to a completely random, complex password, and store the password at a secure location. More specifically by using the ^[ (escape) and ^G (bell) escape commands. Once you launch PuTTY, enter the Host Name (or IP Address) as: linux. A passphrase is similar to a password and is used to secure your SSH private key from unauthorized access and usage. To prevent internal anarchy, Linux gives different levels of permission for interacting with those files and directories. This is recommended to prevent abuse in case the key file gets into the wrong hands. Detail: After create new acount, I create new Droplet (RAM 512, CentOS, Singapore), I got all info into my email. U Personal fingerprint scanner Review date: 17 July 2002. The first time you access your VMware server from any computer, you will see a PuTTY Security Alert. In addition, it's not even possible for PuTTY to automatically send your password in a Telnet session, because Telnet doesn't give the client software any indication of which part of the login process is the password prompt. ppk by a well meaning Windows/putty user. ssh/authorized_keys". Usually alpine if you haven't changed it. Type the old password (alpine) and new password (twice) as per the instructions above for the iPhone. How to Access PostgreSQL Database Remotely Using pgAdmin on Windows Updated Monday, July 23, 2018 by Linode Written by Linode Use promo code DOCS10 for $10 credit on a new account. In a nutshell, you will generate a public and private key pair. exe application. Forgot your Cisco router password? Did you know you can change them without losing your configuration? In this brief how-to, I will walk you through it. How to SSH to an iPhone or iPad. How to change the Password in UNIX Open the terminal and then type the passwd command entering the new password, the characters entered do not display on screen, in order to avoid the password being seen by a passer-by. If you forgot your server's password, you can reset it. It’s actually fairly easy, but not obvious. Maybe it's my monitor or maybe just my eyes but either way I like to change it to something more readable. 16 time-saving Hotkeys for Putty. ssh/authorized_keys2; Change the permissions of. If the PuTTY console responds with "Server Refused Our Key", this may indicate the public key PuTTY generated is not in a form the remote system recognizes or can use to authenticate your access. 3) PuTTY is connected to Cisco IOS and now you can configure, monitor or manage a Cisco Router or Switch using putty. We assume that you have working phpMyAdmin password. I have entered the wrong password for many times (using putty) and after some time it disconects me and from then i cant conect to the openhabian ("Network error: Connection refused"). Windows often associates a default program to each file extension, so that when you double-click the file, the program launches automatically. To recover a password on a Cisco switch, you will have to be connected to the console port of the Cisco switch using 9600 baud, 8 bits, no parity, 1 stop bit, and xon/xoff flow control. Check the DVR manufacturer's manual or a password list for specific DVR models, the most common brands are Swann, Voyager and Dahua. If you choose to download PuTTY, you have many programs. Next click on Default Background in the right side. Before you begin, you will need to log into the server. I would really appreciate it if you guys got a better root passwd reset mechanism for the initial login. However, you can also choose only 1 login method which in this case is SSH key-based login. ) Now enter these command down below; (Choose command from this screen and "copy" Then go to putty, just press right mouse button once. Here is some general password help that will be good to know going forward. Dear Friends, We are planning to change the password for OS user. Double click putty. 5 Host using SSH on Windows 13 May 2017. In this case, you can choose to use VPN, HTTP, or FTP tunnel and ensure you change the port numbers depending on the tunnel you decide to use. Your Wi-Fi network is your conveniently wireless gateway to the internet, and since you're not keen on sharing your. PuTTY is an open source, SSH and Telnet client for Windows. Before we open PuTTY, you’ll need the following settings: Note! Your hostname and username can be found in the Technical Details of your AMP home page. e Windows XP, Server 2003,Vista, Server 2008 and Windows 7. Press “i” to enter insert mode. Please make your selection carefully as we are unable to accept this product for refund or exchange if you simply change your mind or if you made an incorrect purchase. Step 6 - Login. The first way is to create the keys with puttygen (a program of the putty family), upload the public key to your server and use the private key with putty. You use a telnet program called "putty" to do this. In this example we have a VLAN 100 assigned with an IP address 10. SCOPE & APPLICATION For DBAs requiring to either find or change the db_name or ORACLE_SID. Windows often associates a default program to each file extension, so that when you double-click the file, the program launches automatically. Read an article «How to change your server IP address in WHM/cPanel. PuTTY is extremely useful for the purpose of remotely handling the server with which a user want such as Ubuntu, CentOS, Windows, etc. Hi There, I have forgotten my password of my Vera 2. This means downtime, but it is a good sacrifice to make in order to get your passwords reset. Login as admin and input password for admin (for security reason, you won't see the output of the password on screen, press Enter after finishing typing) 5. 95's password: Access denied [email protected] In the Windows start dialog box, type in putty to start the utility. We have a normal user trying to access via cms user access and need to change the cms password immediately. To change your password on the UNIX server, you have to connect to it, as if you were sitting at its keyboard. by Simon Monk. Do not lose, mistype twice, or forget this password, as you will not be able to change it if you do, and you will not be able to connect to your device via SSH without it. I forgot my NAS password! What can I do? Posted by Daniel Orme on 23 December 2011 05:05 PM. PuTTY installed in local machine. So, instead of typing the name of an external website like www. exe, which I used for copying some files from a Linux server. If you changed anything, click the Apply button. How to Change or Reset the Password in Solaris? In Solaris 9, I am making a script based installer which needs creating a user and configuring its profile. Majority and the most basic method out there is using a username and password authentication. How to change SSH passwords from the CLI. You must ssh in as user admin. It seems to always be an issue. Azure PowerShell Use the --SshCredential parameter of the New-AzHdinsightCluster cmdlet and pass a PSCredential object that contains the SSH user account name and password. This process is achieved through your PuTTY configuration. Return Request/Damage Claim Form. Step1 Login via putty. The first way is to create the keys with puttygen (a program of the putty family), upload the public key to your server and use the private key with putty. Putty does not store keys in an OpenSSH-compatible format. Choose the username and password that you will use when you connect to this machine. If you are a Nexcess client on a physical (non-cloud) server, you may use your SiteWorx account to reset your SSH password. exe to gather the output of the "show-tech support" command sometimes requested by the Networking support team. For password type alpine, or your current password if you have one, then press Return. Please note that you can change the time and date by graphical tool also but what I am explaining here is doing all that with command line. The proper mix ratio is 1:1 by either weight or volume however, the Amazing Mold Putty is very forgiving and will cure even if you are off fairly significant amounts in either direction. Firefighters are working to contain a small bush fire burning at East Kurrajong. pem, Using a putty key for ssh on Mac/Linux Recently when trying to access a new Amazon server from my Mac, I was given a. This can be really useful information when upgrading to a new PC or, if you're an office IT guy where your users all have a standard list of servers they need to connect via SSH, you can create a reference configuration on once machine and "share" it between every computer in the office. This is can be easily done by using the PuTTY client. Whenever the terminal opens it automatically prompts for the root password. This process is achieved through your PuTTY configuration. The cd command is used to navigate into a specified directory on your server. Please make your selection carefully as we are unable to accept this product for refund or exchange if you simply change your mind or if you made an incorrect purchase. Once you’ve fired up PuTTY put your VMs public IP in the Host Name field and leave the port at the. 95's password: I always make a mistake to input the local server's username, so I have to close the putty login window. 16) How to remove the directory. copy and paste below and right click into putty to paste and run the. There are several software products that will allow you to do this, but I recommend using Putty. You use a telnet program called "putty" to do this. exe and save in that folder (click here to download)Create a shortcut to putty and put it on your desktop so its convenient (rightclick on putty. PuTTY has a number of settings that allow you to do this. ssh/ # exit. Enter your Host Name into the appropriate field. (Let us assume you will connect to the remote machine using user name 'ubu'. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: