Etc Pronunciation

Unlike futures contracts (which occur through a clearing firm), cash forward contracts are privately negotiated and are not standardized. - continuing in the. Meaning of ETC. Everyone I know pronounces it "et see". A Definition of Done is a clear and concise list of requirements that software must adhere to for the team to call it complete. /etc/passwd is a text file that contains the attributes of (i. translation, English dictionary definition of etc. Its general definition means the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel. des_amis) or with the sound /n/ (ex. export trading company (ETC): A privately or publicly owned company that specializes in export services for international businesses. Phrasal Verbs using Do - Learn the many meanings of the verb 'do' ; Phrasal Verbs with Go - Learn the many meanings of the verb "go" ; Phrasal Verbs with Come - Learn the many meanings of the verb "come". From inception, Zionism advocated tangible as well as spiritual aims. This is also known as Schachter's Two-Factor Theory of Emotion, after Stanley Schachter. Macrophages - Definition, Function, vs Monocytes, vs Neutrophils etc. - neubig/kytea. The term "Zionism" was coined in 1890 by Nathan Birnbaum. In addition, remember that by good pronunciations you can improve your accent and make it very understandable. After 11 years, it either needed a big rewrite or to be shut down, and sadly we just don't have the time to maintain it any more. ubisoft csharp visual-studio fastbuild vcxproj csproj sln bff. Examples: 7/10 is a decimal fraction. Under Unix / Linux multiple users can be categorized into groups. Thanks to. Dragoman Ltd. It’s pronounced “et-cetera,” (with a T sound) not “ex-cetera” (with an X sound). Select from over 10,000 English video lessons and then study 1-on-1 with an English Tutor. Track & Civil ETC-08-02 Railway Earthworks Issue 1 Australian Rail Track Corporation Revision 1 This document is uncontrolled when printed October 2006 Page 3 of 12 1. (2) Loss of resources by unnecessary wasteful exploitation. Learn how to say correctly, words, names, places, drugs, medical terminology etc. sounds logical to me. Physical health definition The definition of health by WHO states that "It is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". On modern unix systems, almost all system-wide configuration files are under /etc , but not all files in /etc are configuration files. Listen to the audio pronunciations of millions of words in many languages such as french,spanish,english,portuguese and more for free. (phrase) American English definition and synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary. In fact, it comes from Latin and was originally written at two words: et and cetera, which translates to and the others. is an abbreviation for “et cetera” (et SE-te-rah), which is Latin for “and the rest”. Not sure about the pronounciation. See complete definition one-time password (OTP) A one-time password (OTP) is an automatically generated numeric or alphanumeric string of characters that authenticates the user. stand for? Meaning: et cetera. Classes cover English grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, IELTS, TOEFL, and more. Definition: A blend of the values, beliefs, taboos, symbols, rituals and myths all companies develop over time. I plan on critical dimensions on the assembly drawing for the fixture, and having those checked at incoming, but some of the fixtures should not need checking again after that. In the third column above, liaison links the two words with the sound /z/ (ex. Learn the correct American English pronunciation of the abbreviation for et cetera. It stores information about numerous services that client applications might use on the computer. When the creator of a new word tells you how to pronounce it, that’s the standard. Start studying Definition of Nouns, Verbs, etc. ," which means "Please purchas. A, O with ZH, CH, SH, R The Mandarin consonant sounds zh, ch, and sh are similar to English's "j," "ch," and "sh" sounds, but not exactly the same. From Middle English et cetera, etc. Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text. Launched in 2017 and sponsored by Grayscale, the Trust is a private, open-ended trust that holds Ethereum Classic (ETC) and derives its value solely from the value of such ETC. Malware is a concise word for malicious software which includes all sorts of harmful creatures like viruses, trojans, ransomware, bots, spyware, etc. The /etc maintains a lot of files. in English with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the United States and the United Kingdom. " The Court elaborated upon the Seeger definition in Welsh v. Category Howto & Style; Show more Show less. " --? Hi, everyone: Combine the champagne with fruit juices such as orange, pineapple, etc. Grows with students, novice to expert. Learn English for free with 1462 video lessons by experienced native-speaker teachers. , from Latin etc. In the definition of physical health it can be stated that "it is an important part of the overall well-being of a person. And fourth, to make sure this credential is held in the highest regard and only as an enhancement to other professional designations, I am of the opinion certain strict image standards should be established in the area of business cards/letterheads/e-mails, marketing, client communications, etc. Audio visual aids are sensitive tools used in teaching and as avenues for learning. des_amis) or with the sound /n/ (ex. Pronunciation of etc. I need expert advice. How you pronounce vi has nothing to do with whether or not you are a true Unix wizard. un_américain). Break-Even Point Definition. From a novice's research question to a graduate student's thesis, the three levels of NoodleTools provide a mental model for research and a common language across faculty and disciplines. You might think that it's easy to use et cetera, which translates to "and others" or, more literally, "and the other things", and is abbreviated as "etc. XHTML has all the same elements (for paragraphs, etc. abbreviation for et cetera Adv. ) and it fanned out from there. A language arts reference tool and comprehensive search engine for words. Find descriptive alternatives for definition. This can involve as little or as much time as you want. in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. " It is very easy to learn English phonetic spelling. Form is one of the seven elements of art and connotes a three-dimensional object in space. Uv, Ionizing Radiation, Perchlorates etc. Biblical Words Pronunciation Guide. /etc/group is a text file which defines the groups to which users belong under Linux and UNIX operating system. ," which means "Please purchas. This is also known as Schachter's Two-Factor Theory of Emotion, after Stanley Schachter. How to pronounce "etc. abbreviation for et cetera Adv. de points de suspension est donc une redondance. TRENDING NOW. Support services may include warehousing, shipping, billing, and insurance. Form is one of the seven elements of art and connotes a three-dimensional object in space. In the third column above, liaison links the two words with the sound /z/ (ex. in English. Here is a list of different parts of the day. Under Unix / Linux multiple users can be categorized into groups. Audio visual aids are sensitive tools used in teaching and as avenues for learning. /etc is a `thing', it is not made up of three discrete components, it is one whole thing in itself, it's a directory. file system: In a computer , a file system (sometimes written filesystem ) is the way in which files are named and where they are placed logically for storage and retrieval. This definition explains the meaning of HIPAA, also known as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, and how it protects patient health data. But I do know that there is a debate, and it provoked me to take a closer look at the question for myself. Start studying Genotype, Allele etc. com All trademarks/service marks referenced on this site are properties of their respective owners. A report text uses of simple present tense, for example: Platypus lives in streams, male platypus does not need any burrow, etc; The language used in a report text is a scientific language, for example: water contains oxygen and hydrogen, etc. Begin with presenting the definition of and having the reader’s attention with a hook. org,3 here we present a complementary document summarizing 10 key points clinicians must remember when documenting the type of MI or non-MI causes of troponin elevation. 7, 2019, rock band Tool's titular single from their new album Fear Inoculum currently holds the title, clocking in at a length of 10 minutes and 23 seconds. Basic Definition. Italian pronunciation might pose some difficulties for the beginner. Skilled Rehab Definition (FCR), a leading addiction treatment center in the US, provides supervised medical detox and rehab programs to treat alcoholism, drug addiction and co-occurring mental health disorders such as PTSD, depression and anxiety. ) It is more difficult for one group to overcome (i. Category Howto & Style; Show more Show less. Write the following list of numbers and as you point to the numbers, exaggerate the pronunciation, emphasizing the 'teen' of each number and the unaccented 'y' on the 'tens'. To spell "Club", for example, you would say: "C for Charlie, L for Lima, U for Uniform, B for Bravo. Definition of Decimal The word "Decimal" really means "based on 10" (From Latin decima : a tenth part ). Biblical Words Pronunciation Guide. See complete definition. NET 10, 30, etc. Each cell can each store a unique instance of. The term "Zionism" was coined in 1890 by Nathan Birnbaum. An electron transport chain (ETC) is a series of complexes that transfer electrons from electron donors to electron acceptors via redox (both reduction and oxidation occurring simultaneously) reactions, and couples this electron transfer with the transfer of protons (H + ions) across a membrane. " Surely everyone knows how to use "etc. Learn English Free online with the World's Best Videos and Tutors. Unix file system permissions are organized into three classes, user, group, and others. ) should prompt clinical review of the procedure and/or consideration of additional diagnostic testing for possible type 5 MI. For example, Adobe Photoshop includes a toolbar that allows you to adjust settings for each selected tool. /etc is a `thing', it is not made up of three discrete components, it is one whole thing in itself, it's a directory. It happens more frequently to a particular group (i. What Is Alcohol Abuse Definition (FCR), a leading addiction treatment center in the US, provides supervised medical detox and rehab programs to treat alcoholism, drug addiction and co-occurring mental health disorders such as PTSD, depression and anxiety. ) and it fanned out from there. Definition of benchmarking: A measurement of the quality of an organization's policies, products, programs, strategies, etc. (phrase) in American English and get synonyms. Could you explain what time is early morning, late morning, early afternoon, and late afternoon? -Neyzen. Most of us have worked in an organization of people -- even a family is a type of organization. Become a SmartPhrase Editor: If you are proficient in Greek, or another of our selected languages, you might like to become a section editor. Intertek's ETL Certification program is designed to help you get products tested, certified, and on to market faster than ever before. hidden, spurious, the name given to certain ancient books which found a place in the LXX. The cougar can be anyone from an overly surgically altered wind tunnel victim, to an absolute sad and bloated old horn-meister, to a real hottie or milf. (abbreviation) An example of the usage of etc. Export Trading Company - ETC: An independent company that provides support services for firms engaged in exporting. Correct definition. un_américain). Tape backup is the practice of periodically copying data from a primary storage device to a tape cartridge so the data can be recovered if there is a hard disk crash or failure. Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text. I haven't seen much of a plain tutorial about setting up /etc/hosts around, so I hope some people get some use out of this. Notice that there is a functional difference between et seq. While the MLS Cup Playoffs are in full swing, things are about to heat up for the teams already eliminated and the. export trading company (ETC): A privately or publicly owned company that specializes in export services for international businesses. Cherchez etc. Updated October 2019. The /etc directory. I plan on critical dimensions on the assembly drawing for the fixture, and having those checked at incoming, but some of the fixtures should not need checking again after that. found 10 audio voices and 1 Meaning for etc. You can write decimal fractions with a decimal point (and no denominator), which make it easier to do calculations like addition and multiplication on fractions. noun A word like table, dog, teacher, America etc. What does ETC stand for in Project Management? Top ETC acronym definition related to defence: Estimate to Complete. Not sure about the pronounciation. Skilled Rehab Definition (FCR), a leading addiction treatment center in the US, provides supervised medical detox and rehab programs to treat alcoholism, drug addiction and co-occurring mental health disorders such as PTSD, depression and anxiety. 1 is defined below. Two-Factor Theory. " I had to ask him to repeat that. ’ ‘There is no need for householders to dump items of furniture etc. (phrase) meaning, pronunciation and more by Macmillan Dictionary etc. Released on Aug. This is called a liaison and it's one of the aspects of French pronunciation that can make it difficult to determine where one word ends and the next begins. found 10 audio voices and 1 Meaning for etc. ) should prompt clinical review of the procedure and/or consideration of additional diagnostic testing for possible type 5 MI. A fraction where the denominator (the bottom number) is a power of ten (such as 10, 100, 1000, etc). Notice that there is a functional difference between et seq. is an abbreviation for "et cetera" (et SE-te-rah), which is Latin for "and the rest". Learn more. and when I came across the information quoted that it was common I thought the one I use, or “excetera”, could somehow be linguistically marked (posh, snobbish, etc. Get familiar with the latest employment research and statistical information, browse through industry-specific tips and resources, and learn all you need to know about local training and employment through Jobsplus. This is the nerve center of your system, it contains all system related configuration files in here or in its sub-directories. Vintage: Pertains to the year a wine was made. usually refers to payment terms on an invoice, e. Actors HOME of JAMAICANDINNERS VIDEO CATALOGUE RECIPES FOR 2018 What is for dinner today? Why diseases, cancers, illnesses killing people today than ever? 'Rehab, Doctor up! Lawye. and organise for her to pick up a house key from another friend. Sharpmake is an open-source C#-based solution for generating project definition files, such as Visual Studio projects and solutions, GNU makefiles, Xcode projects, etc. net, but not often enough to stay correct or current. You can complete the definition of etc. Since 1969, ETC has provided innovative, unparalleled simulated environments for training, testing, research and development for a variety of markets. You can write decimal fractions with a decimal point (and no denominator), which make it easier to do calculations like addition and multiplication on fractions. While the MLS Cup Playoffs are in full swing, things are about to heat up for the teams already eliminated and the. Common usage, yes, a marketing tool to get people to buy things in volume, for example, the so called "colletors plates". Vintage: Pertains to the year a wine was made. Cyrillic Alphabet Please click on any row for which you would like to hear the Russian pronunciation. Et cetera, aussi écrit et cætera ou et caetera, abrégé etc. 1 Title for use in informal contexts fhir:ResearchDefinition. Not sure about the pronounciation. Whether written as a mission statement, spoken or merely understood, corporate. Go over some a few ideas of definition essay introduction examples all over internet to obtain motivated While composing a definition essay: Step One. 120 definitions of ETC. , in converting inputs into useful outputs. Start by spelling your name, then your. Again, technically correct definition. de points de suspension est donc une redondance. com The slang word / acronym / abbreviation ETC. The “Health and Safety at Work etc. Tape backups can be done manually or be programmed to happen automatically with appropriate software. pronunciation. We sometimes say "decimal" when we mean anything to do with our numbering system, but a "Decimal Number" usually means there is a Decimal Point. Sometimes, an export trading company may help locate potential buyers for manufacturers. 1 Scope and Usage. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. 나는 14 살입니다 [ 14 = with the pronunciation : Shi-pSa ] と 나는 14 살입니다 [ 14= with the pronunciation : yeol-ne ] はどう違いますか? 説明が難しい場合は、例文を教えて下さい。. synonyms, etc. net dictionary. This may include warehousing , shipping, insuring and billing on behalf of the. You definitely will come across individuals who market place the products aggressively and repeating that it is in no way an coverage product. You might think that it's easy to use et cetera, which translates to "and others" or, more literally, "and the other things", and is abbreviated as "etc. Common usage is an item that is 50-100 years old. A RESTful API is an application program interface that uses HTTP requests to GET, PUT, POST and DELETE data. You can read more about it here. Notice that there is a functional difference between et seq. Definition and typology of violence. evidence of myocardial ischaemia, etc. - neubig/kytea. Common usage, yes, a marketing tool to get people to buy things in volume, for example, the so called "colletors plates". /etc is a `thing', it is not made up of three discrete components, it is one whole thing in itself, it's a directory. Commande de gaz électronique qui permet une utilisation plus économique des fonctions supplémentaires comme le régulateur de vitesse et le système anti-patinage du véhicule. Basic French Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar with Pronunciation Buy French Language Tutorial as an e-book! French Language Tutorial includes more than 200 pages of grammar and vocabulary topics, sample sentences, informal ways of speaking, cultural information about France, and an overview of French pronunciation. The WTO mentions five types of subsidies: Cash subsidies, such as the grants mentioned above. Long Term Care Facility Definition High-priced carpeting, by way of example, ought not to be wiped clean as often as a more costly a single it merely won't be able to manage getting handled like costlier carpet can. ' She knew all about my schoolwork, my hospital work, etc. etc synonyms, etc pronunciation, etc translation, English dictionary definition of etc. , in converting inputs into useful outputs. surya - There may be other reasons, but one reason is that the /etc/shadow file is not readable by any user except root. I am intrigued by the way this Arizona city is pronounced. Meaning of etc. Intensive Outpatient Definition In the event you borrow 250 a multitude dollars to purchase a brand new home this is certainly called "taking out your mortgage", which in simple words and phrases means you promise to pay that money back over a fabulous unchanging sum of period, commonly fifteen to forty years (thirty years is 360 regular monthly payments). The et of et cetera has a final T sound, but some Americans substitute a K sound. Tissue repair and metabolism are examples. What does ETC stand for in Project Management? Top ETC acronym definition related to defence: Estimate to Complete. Pronunciation, intonations, speaking, and conversation. is in the sentence, "Please purchase some fruit such as apples, oranges, etc. Because XHTML is an XML application, you can use other XML tools with it (such as XSLT, a language for transforming XML content). Uv, Ionizing Radiation, Perchlorates etc. 2)] Et le reste, et ainsi de suite, on pourrait continuer. (noun) An example of pronunciation is the difference in how many people say the word tomato. I haven't seen much of a plain tutorial about setting up /etc/hosts around, so I hope some people get some use out of this. NET 10, 30, etc. The difference between an EMC and an ETC is sometimes insignificant, i. Long Term Care Facility Definition High-priced carpeting, by way of example, ought not to be wiped clean as often as a more costly a single it merely won't be able to manage getting handled like costlier carpet can. Simulating environments for training, testing, and research and development. Etc definition: etc is used at the end of a list to indicate that you have mentioned only some of the | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. Tap to hear a sound, or tap and hold to hear the sound and an example word. Italian pronunciation might pose some difficulties for the beginner. NET 10, 30, etc. Definition of Finance. This is a short tutorial about the basics of using /etc/hosts on a system with several IP addresses. suggest new definition; Search for ETC in Online Dictionary Encyclopedia. and organise for her to pick up a house key from another friend. file system: In a computer , a file system (sometimes written filesystem ) is the way in which files are named and where they are placed logically for storage and retrieval. Export Trading Company - ETC: An independent company that provides support services for firms engaged in exporting. A report text uses of simple present tense, for example: Platypus lives in streams, male platypus does not need any burrow, etc; The language used in a report text is a scientific language, for example: water contains oxygen and hydrogen, etc. A fraction where the denominator (the bottom number) is a power of ten (such as 10, 100, 1000, etc). Hosts on a network include clients and servers -- that send or receive data, services or applications. The World's most comprehensive professionally edited abbreviations and acronyms database All trademarks/service marks referenced on this site are properties of their respective owners. Includes the functions of a rhyming dictionary, thesaurus, and spelling checker, as well as an integrated full-text search engine for all of Shakespeare's works and thousands of quotations and poems. speechmodification. 1 RFC 2616 Fielding, et al. If the paintbrush is. Listen and Repeat Machine. ETC - InternetSlang. There are about 20 different types of pronunciation problems that Korean students struggle with when learning English. ETC - InternetSlang. usually refers to payment terms on an invoice, e. stand for? Meaning: et cetera. Welcome to Slang Definition, an online internet slang dictionary designed to bring you the meanings of popular slang hashtags, words, and acronyms used on social media apps such as Instagram or Vine, and on social media websites such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Tumblr, Google Plus, Reddit, and more. (phrase) meaning, pronunciation and more by Macmillan Dictionary etc. /etc/passwd is a text file that contains the attributes of (i. The Kyoto Text Analysis Toolkit for word segmentation and pronunciation estimation, etc. Video editor, video converter, video downloader, video recorder, DVD ripper, DVD backup, iPhone manager, etc. Meaning of ETC. Minimal Pair Practice & Quizzes. Pronunciation [ edit ] IPA ( key ) : /ˌɛt ˈsɛt(ə)ɹə/ , /ˌɛkˈsɛt(ə)ɹə/ ( See Usage below ). Correct definition. In grain and root crops, etc, the soil yields more abundantly than that of any other country. What does ETC stand for? ETC abbreviation. (phrase) in American English and get synonyms. And the same goes for similar words: sentence, mountain, cotton, etc. Define ETC by Webster's Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary. Preliminary remarks In order to pronounce Hebrew, in addition to the letters one not only needs know the relevant vowels but one also needs understand syllabification and accentuation, in which should be included the tonality of ancient Hebrew. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. Look at the worksheet and description and decide which one to print. Most of us have worked in an organization of people -- even a family is a type of organization. Cherchez etc. I plan on critical dimensions on the assembly drawing for the fixture, and having those checked at incoming, but some of the fixtures should not need checking again after that. Two-Factor Theory. Thanks in advance. DEFINITION OF ARTIST A person who creates paintings or drawings as a profession or hobby or who practises or performs any of the creative arts. See also [ edit ] et hoc genus omne. A fraction where the denominator (the bottom number) is a power of ten (such as 10, 100, 1000, etc). Oct 20, 19 04:44 PM Macrophages are well known for their effective phagocytic nature, their functions to go beyond immunology, Ex. , basic information about) each user or account on a computer running Linux or another Unix-like operating system. I was thinking that it's a matter of choice between American and British usage to pronounce that "i" as ɪ or aɪ, or even ə, but looking at some dictionaries made the situation more complex for me. pronunciation. etc synonyms, etc pronunciation, etc translation, English dictionary definition of etc. export trading company (ETC): A privately or publicly owned company that specializes in export services for international businesses. Tim's Pronunciation Workshop shows you how English is really spoken. may do so too, but is more likely to leave the reader to supply the unspecified items for himself. Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text. Notice that there is a functional difference between et seq. And the same goes for similar words: sentence, mountain, cotton, etc. abbreviation for et cetera Adv. ), joy as a religious emotion is very frequently referred to in the Old Testament. net dictionary. is an abbreviation for "et cetera" (et SE-te-rah), which is Latin for "and the rest". Become a SmartPhrase Editor: If you are proficient in Greek, or another of our selected languages, you might like to become a section editor. : "one another" he spells "wananada". Gamification Definition | What is Gamification? It consists of transposing the motivation techniques of the game into a non-playful field, such as work, businesses, etc. database (DB): A database is a collection of information that is organized so that it can be easily accessed, managed and updated. For others, you should determine which program they belong to and read the manual page for that program. speechmodification. When the creator of a new word tells you how to pronounce it, that’s the standard. Dragoman ltd is our solution partner and manages a network of interpreters & translators based in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Izmir. Develop a native-like accent, feel successful from the very beginning, progress more quickly. When a word ending in a normally silent consonant is followed by a vowel or h muet, that consonant might be transferred onto the next word. It says a subsidy is any financial benefit provided by a government which gives an unfair advantage to a specific industry, business, or even individual. UNIX operating systems store what's called a services file at /etc/services. Claim Insurance Definition Keep on mind that a lot of organisations charge a great additional cost, termed as a spousal surcharge, any time you add a spouse on your plan whose workplace likewise provides medical health insurance coverage. A common mispronunciation of et cetera is "excetera". Kilo, mega, giga, tera, peta, exa, zetta and all that: Kilo, mega, giga, tera, peta, exa, zetta are among the list of prefixes used to denote the quantity of something, such as a byte or bit in computing and telecommunications. Notice that there is a functional difference between et seq. Basic French Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar with Pronunciation Buy French Language Tutorial as an e-book! French Language Tutorial includes more than 200 pages of grammar and vocabulary topics, sample sentences, informal ways of speaking, cultural information about France, and an overview of French pronunciation. Get instant feedback on your pronunciation and track your vocabulary progress. Ecommerce definition and types of ecommerce. hidden, spurious, the name given to certain ancient books which found a place in the LXX. When speaking on the telephone, it is sometimes useful to spell a word using English phonetic spelling. ' 'There is no need for householders to dump items of furniture etc. proposée par le dictionnaire anglais Collins en consultant d'autres dictionnaires spécialisés dans la définition de mots anglais : Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase, Merriam Webster. in English? Pronunciation of etc. See complete definition one-time password (OTP) A one-time password (OTP) is an automatically generated numeric or alphanumeric string of characters that authenticates the user. in English. When you use fossil fuels, like heating oil to keep your house warm or gasoline for your family's car, these things create carbon dioxide, also called CO2. Unlike a commodity ETF, the ETC doesn't buy or sell the commodity or futures contract directly. Other wise meaning "so on and so forth" It stands for 'Et Cetera'. may do so too, but is more likely to leave the reader to supply the unspecified items for himself. is: continuing in the same. Project Management ETC acronym meaning defined here. com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases. I would imagine that, like other phonetic changes, it started from a few people making a mistake in pronunciation and others adopting it for whatever reason (it seemed easier, the person/group making the mistake had prestige, etc. When a foreign phrase becomes part of another language, speakers of that language don’t always know exactly how to pronounce it. for disposal, of pollutants and for control devices developed. ) and it fanned out from there. See also [ edit ] et hoc genus omne. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: