Escape Double Quotes In Json String

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is most widely used data format for data interchange on the web. Rows become columns, and columns become rows. A string is a sequence of zero or more Unicode characters, wrapped in double quotes, using backslash escapes. Raw string literals are provided in various programming languages in order to prevent language specific interpretation (i. This is the method that is returning the JSON string with the escape characters:-. Code faster with the Kite plugin for your code editor, featuring Line-of-Code Completions and cloudless processing. 0 (the "License");. SQL Server 2016 introduced STRING_ESCAPE() to escape the characters like single quotes, double quotes, forward slashes. Defaults to. I am looking for code to escape double quote and backslash. How can I escape double quote character for use in findstr on the PowerShell command line? (they also don't give the >> prompt to indicate an unterminated string). I’m using Hugo for JSON LD without issue. This what WCF is returning to a HTTP GET request. Jackson handles escaping of JSON String values in minimal way using escaping where absolutely necessary: it escapes two characters by default -- double quotes and backslash -- as well as non-visible control characters. “I said, “Hello”” Now to do that in Elm, I may use Json. Any comments on this? It seems a little silly to have to reformat the string into an invalid JSON before sending it to Unity. stringify and instead parsing the data. It looks like the software generating the values is not escaping the double quote inside the quoted value. conf contains this format that I use (a bit simplified):. h2o’s variant will replace them with double quotes instead, thus changing the value of the string. What if you'd like to print a double quote in a double-quoted string? This code has a syntax error:. I believe the correct solution to this is to ensure the values are both JSON-escaped and then HTML-escaped, i. I had a smiliar issue and sorted it out this way. 2 as it will enclose the first string it encounters with double quotes. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. When you extract a JSON string value, like with a JSON Data Bank, then any JSON escape sequences are automatically decoded. I use Windows indeed. So the issue here is probably double-decoding the JSON parser will see the backslash-space and replace it with space only, and then the lucene query parser will not see the backslash at all. There is no type for a single character in JavaScript - everything is always a string. A JSON object may look like this:. The JSON encoding of the Avro bytes value f_bytes , as seen in c_whole_raw , encodes every byte with a JSON \u-escape. Strings must be enclosed in double quotes " and can contain escape characters such as , \t and \. BufferBuilder. An ordered sequence of values, comma-separated and enclosed in square brackets; the values do not need to be of the same type. This is a look at what the JSON would be when sending to REST. escapeHtml, it doesn’t escape quotes and when I wrap the whole string in a pair of 's, a malformed JSON will. Example can either pass string of the json, or a filepath to a file with valid json. Double quote characters would not need to be escaped (by PowerShell) in a single quoted string. Object object, java. Parameters val String the original string to be used in a SQL query. CSV String Escape / Unescape. In Power Query, the escape character for a quotation mark inside a string is represented as ""(two quotation marks). The solution is to escape the control characters so that the parser can interpret them correctly as data, and not confuse them for markup. bep May 15, 2017, 12:35pm #4 Hugo uses the Go parser, so any issues with this should be reported here:. Info: Value1 is the input that the user specifies. need to be escaped in a JSON string -- since the string is already in double-quotation marks, these characters can't affect any surrounding JSON or JavaScript, right?. Pointerjsona_toString ( Pointer) Creates a null terminated string representation of the JSON array in JSON syntax. It's not the purpose of JSON to serialize data to be directly included in a statement for a specific database. Escape nested double quotes and unescape apostrophes within JSON string. Should I use something like Apache Commons Lang’s StringEscapeUtilities. It comes from none other than Google, which is also behind Guava, a common purpose library for Java programmers. JSON as a convention ignores any whitespace that is outside of double quotes. Problem is that values sometime include double-quotes themselves, and those need to be escaped - but I can't figure out how to do that. in apostrophe then you have to concatenate your string with double quotes on both sides. Remove escape of quotes with Newtonsoft. '10FFFF'-'"' JSON. Example can either pass string of the json, or a filepath to a file with valid json. See Substitutions for more information. With CSVJSON you can transpose the csv before conversion. JSON Path does not support literal escape of double quote character JSON functions do not allow literal escape It's just that for some reason the equivalent. I run this through an AvroToJson processor but the JSON produced does not correctly escape double quotes found in my DB columns. This is ok for a small JSON String but manually replacing each double quotes with escape character for even a medium size JSON is time taking, boring, and error-prone. Enter an HTML string to have the special characters escaped for use inside an HTML document. Let’s have a quick look at the basic syntax of JSON. How to Escape JSON Special Characters using PHP. Free online JSON to string converter. In earlier versions of PowerShell the backtick escape character could be used to escape a double quotation mark character within a single quoted string as detailed in the help about_quoting document that is available in those versions of PowerShell. Available Options. JSONDecodeError: Expecting property name enclosed in double quotes: line 1 column 1 (char 1). Escapes or unescapes a JSON string removing traces of offending characters that could prevent parsing. For example, SELECT JSON myColumn FROM would result in a map key "\"myColumn\"" (note the escaped quotes). So for example Having apostrophe ' in json data. STRING_ESCAPE (Transact-SQL) 02/25/2016; 2 minutes to read +3; In this article. flattenSeparator - String, separator to use between nested JSON keys when flatten option enabled. JSON, on the other hand, requires double quotes to mark the beginning and end of each string. Some information may be lost in this transformation because JSON is a data format and XML is a document format. I am looking for code to escape double quote and backslash. Convert a well-formed (but not necessarily valid) XML string into a JSONObject. String toString (java. HTML tags in String are displayed as text in Parse and Eval panels. Suppose you have a string variable strName having string value "Asp. Return value. Deserialize throw bug. These characters are double quotes ("), backslash (\) and control characters (most inportant in common use is new line character ). How to send data to json that has double quotes, backslahes in c#? I am having problems to send the data to json rest api, if it contains double quotes, new lines, backslahes etc. a subset of the JavaScript object notation syntax data stored in name/value pairs records separated by commas field names & strings are wrapped by double quotes YAML. from a RichTextField), the double quotes (probably quotes as well) must be escaped. Is there something easy to add/remove to trim the quotes out? I know I should probably be creating a product class that implements a list, and then load the list from the object, but in this case, I don't want to use the extra memory. Second, JSON also uses the default DELIMITER (comma) extensively. If I write the string to a file, then the backslash are suppressed. The output from set -x uses single quotes. LambdaPolicy} contains just the original JSON, the resulting nested JSON is invalid and triggers the encountered MalformedJsonException. stringify method stringifies objects as JSON strings. Adding control characters ('<', '>', ''', '"', '&') into xml data can cause the parser to miss understand the resulting data. escaping double quotes in XSLT. How do I escape the double quotes? Passing double quotes to javascript function. It would seem that UnityScript doesn't like strings that are correctly JSON encoded, but it seems ok if I double escape the double quote. In json, literal double-quote characters may only be used as the outer quotes that surround a json string. When you need to use double quotes within the value string, you need to escape the same using the escape sequences. A valid JSON must have double quotes around the keys (or property names). see Wikipedia and RFC 4180. Code is as good a place as any. So, if you intend to use the output directly inside JavaScript, deselect this option. Jackson handles escaping of JSON String values in minimal way using escaping where absolutely necessary: it escapes two characters by default -- double quotes and backslash -- as well as non-visible control characters. trim()” method on the string, if you think there might be some chance of extra space etc in the JSON string. Escaping the double quotes in the string. Additionally, a string may be enclosed by triple quotes. XML uses elements, attributes, and content text, while JSON uses unordered collections of name/value pairs and arrays of values. for a double you need to put another double infront of it. Dictionary object, VB array, String, Integer, Double etc. Quotes Single, Double, or Backtick Quotes. Deserialize backslash and double-quote fixing hi, still working in serach inside grids. The following characters are reserved in JavaScript and must be properly escaped to be used in strings:. \" indicates a quote character, not the termination of a string. There are multiple projects to create a JSON package for LabVIEW. Escape strings to be posted via curl. Double quotes can be escaped like this: string test = @"He said to me, ""Hello World"". JSON is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language, therefore, JSON also uses backslash as the escape character: A string is a sequence of zero or more Unicode characters, wrapped in double quotes, using backslash escapes. However, merely returning to the web client via WCF does not suppress the back slash. quoteattr() will determine whether single or double quotation marks are more appropriate for an attribute value and quote the value appropriately; values which include both kinds of quotation marks in the value cause " to be used as needed. When I send a message like as follows, I receive a message like this String (first pattern) comes with escape character: { \"JSON stringify\": \"hey\" } JSON object (the second pattern) comes without escape character: { "JSON stringify": "hey" } What makes this difference? The escape character is annoying. (Visual Basic 6. npm install escape-json-node. at least suggest to me, that the correct encoding would be an double backslash followed by an backslash quote. Example can either pass string of the json, or a filepath to a file with valid json. When you need to use double quotes within the value string, you need to escape the same using the escape sequences. JSON_QUOTE() is used to produce a valid JSON string literal that can be included in a JSON document. From: : Anthony Liguori: Subject: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH 04/11] Add json->qobject parser: Date: : Sat, 17 Oct 2009 08:36:04 -0500. How to send data to json that has double quotes, backslahes in c#? I am having problems to send the data to json rest api, if it contains double quotes, new lines, backslahes etc. JSON is just a way to serialize data to a string. The old version of JSON specified by the obsolete RFC 4627 required that the top-level value of a JSON text must be either a JSON object or array (Python dict or list), and could not be a JSON null, boolean, number, or string value. A string begins and ends with quotation marks. you can only escape quotes that are the same as the next set of quotes surrounding that part of the string. To quote a string of multiple lines, use triple quotes. For example, in C#, to reference a file on a windows server, you might write \\\\Server\\Path\\Filename. "Let's take a look. However, this is one notable exception: for symmetry with INSERT JSON behavior, case-sensitive column names with upper-case letters will be surrounded with double quotes. decodeString Decode. Inserting a new value to a JSON as a new element. --raw-output / -r: With this option, if the filter´s result is a string then it will be written directly to standard output rather than being formatted as a JSON string with quotes. json package includes a solution for the issue. String string) throws JSONException Convert a well-formed (but not necessarily valid) XML string into a JSONObject. JSON is a format where both key and value will be surrounded by **straight double quotes**, so if you try to have **straight double quote** in key or value, it automatically parses the **straight double quote** present inside value or key, with escape characters ( **\** ). Every known language that uses backslash to escape characters in a string, and does not have a "bare string" syntax suffers from this. deserialize String; deserialize String Array; escape String; is Valid Json; serialize Boolean; serialize Boolean Array; serialize Decimal; serialize Decimal Array; serialize Dictionary; serialize Double; serialize Double Array; serialize Float; serialize Float Array; serialize Guid; serialize Guid Array; serialize Integer; serialize Integer. Remove escape characters from JSON (unescape) to get back the original string. * The empty string is not valid JSON. imho they are just from your visualization method. jigneshkvp changed the title Deserializing issue with one object in json containing double quotes - Exception thrown Deserializing issue with string value in json containing double quotes - Exception thrown Oct 26, 2017. In the simplest case, a JSON object is an atomic value, which must be of an allowed type (int, float, string, or bool). replace? Jan 25, 2011. Trying to escape the double-quote using a backslash (e. Escapes or unescapes a CSV string removing traces of offending characters that could prevent parsing. Read the text and replace the place holders with correct variable values using UiPath, and then use it as the JSON string for the api calls. When enabled, the output is always valid JSON. JSON is a lightweight text based, data-interchange format and it completely language independent. It runs a full Node. Return value. The backslash (\) escape character typically provides two ways to include doublequotes inside a string literal, either by modifying the meaning of the doublequote character embedded in the string (\" becomes "), or by modifying the meaning of a sequence of characters including the hexadecimal value of a doublequote character (\x22 becomes "). NET Strings. Right, but inner backslashed escaped of quotes should be occurring during your JSON. See Substitutions for more information. SQL Server 2016: Introduced JSON support, to store and retrieve JSON document. Remember, these single quotes are delineating the string. String It is a sequence of zero or more double quoted Unicode characters with backslash escaping. I'd use a here-string (either double or single quoted) That will keep all the quoting intact, and avoid having to do any escaping or mental parsing to figure out which quotes the parser will leave and which ones it will strip off. • fn:escapeXml(string) Convert XML (and HTML) with special meaning to the corresponding XML character entity code, and return • fn:indexOf(string, substring) Returns the first occurrence of the parameter substring in the parameter string • fn:join(array, separator) String a given array with a given separator to form a new string and. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a form of data representation that provides a standardised data exchange format using simple text. Currently the data is fetched with the JSON column (from MySQL) wrapped in double-quotes, then the double-quotes in the JSON syntax (around each field name and string value) are escaped with double-quotes, and I just haven't seen examples of escape-required characters from real data yet. The special chars may be single quotation or double quotation. For example, in C#, to reference a file on a windows server, you might write \\\\Server\\Path\\Filename. Read the text and replace the place holders with correct variable values using UiPath, and then use it as the JSON string for the api calls. Escaping the double quotes in the string. Example can either pass string of the json, or a filepath to a file with valid json. I agree that changing things in the JSON string is not ideal, but I have not found a way to make it work otherwise. ::= FORMAT [ PATH ] [ WRAPPER ] [ QUOTES [ ON SCALAR STRING ] ] [ ON EMPTY. I'll have to encode in JSON on the server side then, right? But, wouldn't it be more efficient do it on the client side to offload the server?. –ansi-quotes, -k Use double quotation mark (U+0022 ") as identifier enclosure. dumps to format the list. HTML Entities Escape. DBX double quotes string data by default, if this string content comes with “ in it, we replace them with \”. When enabled, the output is valid JSON. JSON String Escape / Unescape. Remember, these single quotes are delineating the string. The following characters are reserved in JavaScript and must be properly escaped to be used in strings:. This has to be escaped and then posted using AJAX call. If the value is not enclosed in double quotes, or is and does not contain a comma, newline or double quote, then the String value is returned unchanged. A value can be a string in double quotes, or a number, or true or false or null, or an object or an array. Any comments on this? It seems a little silly to have to reformat the string into an invalid JSON before sending it to Unity. JSON is a lightweight text based, data-interchange format and it completely language independent. 07/12/2009. Normal JSON will have double quotes or single quotes for key and values but while sending in Body you have to escape the double quotes with another double quotes. Character is a single character string i. This can be useful for making jq filters talk to non-JSON-based systems. If you want a double-quote inside your string (ie within the outer double-quotes), it must be escaped. ext , which translates to \\Server\Path\Filename. map oneChar. I didn't need to escape double quotes. What I've tried is to wrap the whole JSON string inside of double-quotes then escaped the inner-value double-quote with a backslash, but MySQL misinterprets that (and I can't change it on the MySQL 5. If you had first parsed this out you can replace _raw with whatever field name this string was initially parsed into). escapeHtml, it doesn’t escape quotes and when I wrap the whole string in a pair of 's, a malformed JSON will. Thus, I can end up with strange code. JSON is a data format that is gaining popularity and used extensively in many AJAX powered Web sites. Lets say we want to display a String in Perl and the string itself has a double quotes in it. splunk-enterprise quotes regex rex json single-quote regex-unknown-field-#s escape fieldextraction slash field-extraction http-event-collector token bro-ids double extration table splunk-cloud drilldown _meta search quoted-fields dashboard eval csv. If you want to replace special characters such as '[' in the string literal, it is necessary to escape them in 'regExp' by prefixing them with double backslashes (e. you can only escape quotes that are the same as the next set of quotes surrounding that part of the string. so everything else implementing it should do that as well. result with JSON. Raw string literals are provided in various programming languages in order to prevent language specific interpretation (i. net without apostrophe but if you want to print it as "Asp. 07/12/2009. The code iterates through each XML element, its attributes and children, creating the corresponding JSON objects. For example, the variable: "demoVar2": "[test] value" Resolves to [test] value. Json Unary Operator: Example and Test // use single quote to avoid having to escape double quote std::string " "} "; // Convert the single quote to double. load converting double quotes to single quotes I am a beginner who for the past few days has been working through a project to scrape some data, store it as JSON on the server, serve it up through a REST api and manipulate using Javascript. Object object, java. These structures can be nested. Solve an escaping issue. Java Escape Escapes or unescapes a Java string removing traces of offending characters that could prevent compiling. But the JSON response returned with \ before quotes (escape character)I need those escapre slashes removed! This is an example response to show what is. Using single quotes is not allowed in JSON. If the value contains a comma, newline or double quote, then the String value is returned enclosed in double quotes. Unicode Characters When all the strings represented in a JSON text are composed entirely of Unicode characters [] (however escaped), then that JSON text is interoperable in the sense that all software implementations that parse it will agree on the contents of names and of string values in objects and arrays. """Quote strings for inclusion in single or double quote delimited Javascript strings """ to_js_string: """Embed the given string in a double quote delimited Javascript string (conform to the JSON spec) """ With this approach, I think we can address both the JSON conformance issue and the use case of comment:3. Return value. Some information may be lost in this transformation because JSON is a data format and XML is a document format. Therefore, the parser correctly parses only "hello". The table shows various special characters that you can use in strings of a JSON document −. 0 otherwise the payload will be escaped with quotations. In JSON, keys are always strings, while the value can be a string, number, true or false, null or even an object or an array. Ask Question Note the double quotes! rather than using str. The opening curly brace and person element is then added to the file, followed by the data rows in JSON format. How to create a properly escaped JavaScript string in Razor Posted on January 14, 2014 by hb I am working on a project in which I have a Razor view where I ouput JavaScript code calling a server method with ajax (using jQuery). Using single quotes is not allowed in JSON. Using the Code. Converts an XML tree, whose format corresponds to the XML representation of JSON defined in this specification, into a string conforming to the JSON grammar. from a RichTextField), the double quotes (probably quotes as well) must be escaped. Net Escape Tool | Online C# String Escape Tool. See this for instance. * The empty string is not valid JSON. How to escape JSON objects in webhook? We are using webhook, but we have a problem when a there is doble quote, Can you scape this character in the json you send by webhook? thanks Mobile Forms. This generally works fine, but not when a string value has double quotes. Parse and Eval features can be turned off. String string) throws JSONException Convert a well-formed (but not necessarily valid) XML string into a JSONObject. String val='my "test" \string'; after escape it. Collapse All Expand All Members Options: Show All Members Options: Filtered. json,validation,escaping. From the user mailing list [1]: JsonToStringStyle does not escape double quote in a string value. A value can be a string in double quotation marks, a number, a Boolean true or false, null, a JSON object, or an array. for single quotes, you need to turn the apostrophe (single quote) into double apostrophe (''). The single quote (') character does not need to be escaped in Active Directory, but the double quote (") character does. Also, it is difficult to recover from a missing quote. This isn't quite right for JSON since it only allows Strings to be specified using double-quotes. Good news: A pure-PowerShell ConvertTo-Json for PowerShell version 2 that works pretty well after some testing, polishing and experimentation. Convert JSON to escaped string in Python Posted on January 18, 2016 by Guy Bowerman If you have a JSON formatted file, and you want to put it in the form of a string, with double quotes and newlines escaped, it’s a pain to do this manually. You can convert JSON String to Java object in just 2 lines by using Gson as shown below :. Read the text and replace the place holders with correct variable values using UiPath, and then use it as the JSON string for the api calls. RFC 8259 JSON December 2017 8. Any solution on how i can allow snowflake to treat the double quotes preceded by backslash as part of string? I want to load this to a staging table that i have created with 21 columns. These structures can be nested. However, in my case i want it to be written in c# or VB. Stackoverflow. Online tool for replacing special characters with the correct escape sequences, for use in C# and. This what WCF is returning to a HTTP GET request. String (string) is a collection of surrounded by double quotes an arbitrary number of Unicode characters, use the backslash escape. String quotes "consume" backslashes and interpret them on their own, for instance: \n - becomes a newline character, \u1234 - becomes the Unicode character with such code, …And when there's no special meaning: like \d or \z, then the backslash is simply removed. Stricter string parse, better escape support. Depending on the quoting system I use I cannot properly display strings with quotes in them Here is the code: text +=" Themes Podcast Articles Premium Escaping Single and Double Quotes in a. ext , which translates to \\Server\Path\Filename. 5 for call javascript enter key call method clicking enter key text box change values between two variables without using tempo change values without using temp constant value for variable context menu disable right click escape ' escape ' javascript escape ' js escape double quotes javascipt escape single quote escape single quote javascript. Also since JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation it would stand to reason that all of the Javascript engines currently in use do this correctly and don't escape things that are not listed as an escape. It is only when I use json_encode to send it to javascript that I have the single-quote escape issue. You need to double escape here. Developers love it. Escape double quotes for JSON in Python How can I replace double quotes with a backslash and double quotes in Python? >>> s = 'my string with "double quotes" blablabla'. Any double quote characters in the value are escaped with another double quote. [^1] A character can be:. \" indicates a quote character, not the termination of a string. In this article, we went over the basics of working with strings in JavaScript, from creating and displaying string literals using single and double quotes, creating template literals, concatenation, escaping, and assigning string values to variables. However, you want one string containing all of that, so you have 2 options: you can either use single quotes to denote the string, or you could tell JavaScript that you really want those double quotes on the inside to be part of the string by escaping them, like this:. Quoted all of my array indexes (agreed, huge oversight on my part); 2. My code was :- VAR_FOR_JS = ' '; But if the json had it was not printing them as echo removes it. I could run it via find and replace feature of Visual Studio. This would seem safe generally, but not when a whole JSON is stringified. The reason is that a single quote or double quote itself is a special character we use in our Python program. SQL Server 2016: Introduced JSON support, to store and retrieve JSON document. Strings The representation of strings is similar to conventions used in the C family of programming languages. Yes, the cloud is putting them back in as part of writing out the json - it’s part of the json spec that quotes in a literal string have to be escaped. When enabled, the output is always valid JSON. It doesn't support the javascript style single and double quotes for constants (and the json and npm are javascript). For example, you might want an element in an array to have the text null as a string literal, rather than having an actual null value. software testing,qtp/uft,java selenium,mobile testing,etl testing,webservices testing,hadoop,bi tools,oracle,sqlserver. Net String Escape / Unescape Escapes or unescapes a Java or. Jackson 2 – Convert Java Object to / from JSONJava – Check if key exists in HashMapjQuery loop over JSON string – $. // See RFC 4627 section 2. so everything else implementing it should do that as well. String val='my "test" \string'; after escape it. Net Framework 3. If you want to return an unescaped JSON object, pass the JSON column as an argument to the JSON_QUERY function, as shown in the following example. Aside from double quotes, you must also escape backslashes if you want to include one in your JSON quoted string. When the requested type is a long, other Number types will be coerced using longValue. Escaping of special characters. I tested with a field containing a single double quote and it fails. You can still take a look, but it might be a. I'd use a here-string (either double or single quoted) That will keep all the quoting intact, and avoid having to do any escaping or mental parsing to figure out which quotes the parser will leave and which ones it will strip off. Just load your JSON and it will automatically get converted to a string. Your solution addressed the immediate issue, where the value returned from the website was a string with escaped quotes. The following line of code:. In JavaScript, a string is a sequence characters enclosed in single or double quotes. (In PHP we can easily escape the double quote by using escape character ( like \" ) ). Raw string literals are provided in various programming languages in order to prevent language specific interpretation (i. Newline is replaced with. com I assume that you’re trying to send that JSON to the remote website in question. We can use the \ character to indicate that we want to include a special character, and that the next character should be treated differently. Every known language that uses backslash to escape characters in a string, and does not have a "bare string" syntax suffers from this. Since you're using C#, it displays the string with the escape characters you would need to include to type that value as a string literal in your C# code. Converts any value into JSON, and returns it as a valid string, with single-quote symbols fixed, unless flag raw is set. Handles special characters and unicode. I'm putting together a custom JSON string via the StringBuilder, and ran into an odd issue with escaped double-quotes. 0 |_____|_____|_____|_|___| https://github. githubusercontent. One of the parameters that is sent to the other script is a password (to use with ssh). String myString = "this is a string"; But what if we wanted to include a quote (") character WITHIN the string. net without apostrophe but if you want to print it as "Asp. However, if the literal string doesn't end with a bracket, don't escape the first bracket. escape(str) Parameters str A string to be encoded. escape double quotes \" when printing strings to log. We're going to use single quotes so we can use double quotes inside the JSON, and that works just fine. t xt", jsonString); should give you the concrete content. so that when you output string u get same string else you wont. The \" are just to escape the double quotes in the string literal. "avoid-template" forbids single-line untagged template strings that do not contain string interpolations. So firstly i replaced one slash with two slashes and also escaped a quote. json file: but i've run into a parsing problem where a profile has escaped double quotes in Just escape the string in the. (Thanks Tom) 01/05/2010. This seemed like a nifty way to condense a few different pieces of information into a rich formatted Slack message with a bit of PowerShell code. JSON is a format where both key and value will be surrounded by **straight double quotes**, so if you try to have **straight double quote** in key or value, it automatically parses the **straight double quote** present inside value or key, with escape characters ( **\** ). c# documentation: Escaping Double Quotes. The quotation character must be a single or a double quotation mark. VS 2017 JSON String with Double Quotes If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. However, in my case i want it to be written in c# or VB. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: